Random Stuff We Make!
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DIY Blood Oximeter

Monitor your blood oxygen level with this ESP32 based Oximeter. This Oximeter costs less than 10$.

BeginnerFull instructions provided30 minutes1,531
DIY Blood Oximeter

Things used in this project

Hardware components

MAX30102 High-Sensitivity Pulse Oximeter and Heart-Rate Sensor for Wearable Health
Maxim Integrated MAX30102 High-Sensitivity Pulse Oximeter and Heart-Rate Sensor for Wearable Health
×1
FireBeetle ESP32 IOT Microcontroller (Supports Wi-Fi & Bluetooth)
DFRobot FireBeetle ESP32 IOT Microcontroller (Supports Wi-Fi & Bluetooth)
×1
Breadboard (generic)
Breadboard (generic)
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE
Blynk
Blynk

Story

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Schematics

Circuit

Replicate this in physical form

Code

DIY Blood Oximeter

Arduino
Upload it through Arduino IDE
/*
  ## Hardware Connections (ESP32 Arduino):
  -VIN = 3.3V
  -GND = GND
  -SDA = 21 (or SDA)
  -SCL = 22 (or SCL)

*/
#define BLYNK_PRINT Serial


#include <WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClient.h>
#include <BlynkSimpleEsp32.h>

#include <Wire.h>
#include "MAX30105.h" //sparkfun MAX3010X library
#include "heartRate.h"
MAX30105 particleSensor;

//#define MAX30105 //if you have Sparkfun's MAX30105 breakout board , try #define MAX30105 

// You should get Auth Token in the Blynk App.
// Go to the Project Settings (nut icon).
char auth[] = "*****************************"; // Token you received on your email, Replace with stars

// Your WiFi credentials.
// Set password to "" for open networks.
char ssid[] = "******"; // Replace stars with Wifi Name/SSID
char pass[] = "******"; //Replace stars with Wifi Password

double avered = 0; double aveir = 0;
double sumirrms = 0;
double sumredrms = 0;
int i = 0;
int Num = 100;//calculate SpO2 by this sampling interval

double ESpO2 = 95.0;//initial value of estimated SpO2
double FSpO2 = 0.7; //filter factor for estimated SpO2
double frate = 0.95; //low pass filter for IR/red LED value to eliminate AC component
#define TIMETOBOOT 3000 // wait for this time(msec) to output SpO2
#define SCALE 88.0 //adjust to display heart beat and SpO2 in the same scale
#define SAMPLING 5 //if you want to see heart beat more precisely , set SAMPLING to 1
#define FINGER_ON 30000 // if red signal is lower than this , it indicates your finger is not on the sensor
#define MINIMUM_SPO2 80.0

const byte RATE_SIZE = 4; //Increase this for more averaging. 4 is good.
byte rates[RATE_SIZE]; //Array of heart rates
byte rateSpot = 0;
long lastBeat = 0; //Time at which the last beat occurred
float beatsPerMinute;
int beatAvg;


#define USEFIFO
void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println("Initializing...");

  Blynk.begin(auth, ssid, pass);
  
  // Initialize sensor
  while (!particleSensor.begin(Wire, I2C_SPEED_FAST)) //Use default I2C port, 400kHz speed
  {
    Serial.println("MAX30102 was not found. Please check wiring/power/solder jumper at MH-ET LIVE MAX30102 board. ");
    //while (1);
  }

  //Setup to sense a nice looking saw tooth on the plotter
  byte ledBrightness = 0x7F; //Options: 0=Off to 255=50mA
  byte sampleAverage = 4; //Options: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32
  byte ledMode = 2; //Options: 1 = Red only, 2 = Red + IR, 3 = Red + IR + Green
  //Options: 1 = IR only, 2 = Red + IR on MH-ET LIVE MAX30102 board
  int sampleRate = 200; //Options: 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1000, 1600, 3200
  int pulseWidth = 411; //Options: 69, 118, 215, 411
  int adcRange = 16384; //Options: 2048, 4096, 8192, 16384
  // Set up the wanted parameters
  particleSensor.setup(ledBrightness, sampleAverage, ledMode, sampleRate, pulseWidth, adcRange); //Configure sensor with these settings

  particleSensor.enableDIETEMPRDY();

void loop()
{
  
  uint32_t ir, red , green;
  double fred, fir;
  double SpO2 = 0; //raw SpO2 before low pass filtered

#ifdef USEFIFO
  particleSensor.check(); //Check the sensor, read up to 3 samples

  while (particleSensor.available()) {//do we have new data
#ifdef MAX30105
   red = particleSensor.getFIFORed(); //Sparkfun's MAX30105
    ir = particleSensor.getFIFOIR();  //Sparkfun's MAX30105
#else
    red = particleSensor.getFIFOIR(); //why getFOFOIR output Red data by MAX30102 on MH-ET LIVE breakout board
    ir = particleSensor.getFIFORed(); //why getFIFORed output IR data by MAX30102 on MH-ET LIVE breakout board
#endif

    
    
    i++;
    fred = (double)red;
    fir = (double)ir;
    avered = avered * frate + (double)red * (1.0 - frate);//average red level by low pass filter
    aveir = aveir * frate + (double)ir * (1.0 - frate); //average IR level by low pass filter
    sumredrms += (fred - avered) * (fred - avered); //square sum of alternate component of red level
    sumirrms += (fir - aveir) * (fir - aveir);//square sum of alternate component of IR level
    if ((i % SAMPLING) == 0) {//slow down graph plotting speed for arduino Serial plotter by thin out
      if ( millis() > TIMETOBOOT) {
        float ir_forGraph = (2.0 * fir - aveir) / aveir * SCALE;
        float red_forGraph = (2.0 * fred - avered) / avered * SCALE;
        //trancation for Serial plotter's autoscaling
        if ( ir_forGraph > 100.0) ir_forGraph = 100.0;
        if ( ir_forGraph < 80.0) ir_forGraph = 80.0;
        if ( red_forGraph > 100.0 ) red_forGraph = 100.0;
        if ( red_forGraph < 80.0 ) red_forGraph = 80.0;
        //        Serial.print(red); Serial.print(","); Serial.print(ir);Serial.print(".");
        if (ir < FINGER_ON) ESpO2 = MINIMUM_SPO2; //indicator for finger detached
        float temperature = particleSensor.readTemperatureF();
        Blynk.run();
        Blynk.virtualWrite(V4,ESpO2 );
        Serial.print(" Oxygen % = ");
        Serial.println(ESpO2);
      }
    }
    if ((i % Num) == 0) {
      double R = (sqrt(sumredrms) / avered) / (sqrt(sumirrms) / aveir);
      // Serial.println(R);
      SpO2 = -23.3 * (R - 0.4) + 100; //http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/jp/AppNotes/00001525B_JP.pdf
      ESpO2 = FSpO2 * ESpO2 + (1.0 - FSpO2) * SpO2;//low pass filter
      //  Serial.print(SpO2);Serial.print(",");Serial.println(ESpO2);
      sumredrms = 0.0; sumirrms = 0.0; i = 0;
      break;
    }
    particleSensor.nextSample(); //We're finished with this sample so move to next sample
    //Serial.println(SpO2);
  }
#endif
}

Credits

Random Stuff We Make!

Random Stuff We Make!

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We at RSWM! try to bring Fiction to Reality through projects which are Interactive, Creative & way too simpler in terms of making.

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